Net Asset Value

Net asset value represents management’s estimate of the fair value of the participating shareholders’ equity of the Corporation. Net asset value is the fair value of the assets of the combined Power Financial and Power Corporation’s non-consolidated balance sheet less their net debt and preferred shares. The Corporation’s net asset value per share is presented on a look-through basis.

December 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
   Power Financial(1)    
     Lifeco 18,825 20,630
     IGM 5,105 5,515
     GBL(2) 2,870 2,541
   Alternative and other investments    
    Sagard Holdings    
      Asset management companies(3) 163 153
      Investments(4) 1,135 815
    Power Sustainable    
      Power Pacific 1,142 739
      Power Energy 730 645
      Standalone businesses(5) 1,351 696
      Other 266 300
   China AMC(6) 715 658
Cash and cash equivalents 1,226 1,392
Other assets  282 360
Total assets, at fair value 33,810 34,444
Liabilities and
    non-participating shares
Debentures and other debt instruments 1,006 933
Other liabilities(7) 1,067 1,024
Non-participating shares and
    perpetual preferred shares
3,786 3,790
Total liabilities and
    non-participating shares
5,859 5,747
Non-controlling interests - 9,514
  5,859 15,261
Net asset value 27,951 19,183
   Per share 41.27 44.98

(1) Investments held by Power Financial have been presented on a look-through basis at December 31, 2019; the corresponding adjustment representing the ownership not held by Power Corporation is included in non-controlling interests.
(2) The Pargesa reorganization was completed in the fourth quarter of 2020 and Pargesa was delisted from the SIX; the fair value at December 31, 2019 was based on the market value of Pargesa. The fair value based on the market value of GBL at December 31, 2019 was $3,032 million.
(3) The management companies of the investment funds are presented at their carrying value in accordance with IFRS.

(4) Includes the Corporation's investments in Portag3 I, Portag3 II, Wealthsimple and Koho, held by Power Financial. 
(5) At December 31, 2020, the investment in Lion was valued based on the subscription price of US$10.00 per share for the private placement of common shares announced as part of the merger transaction with Northern Genesis Acquisition Corp. 
(6) Valued at carrying value in accordance with IFRS.
(7) In accordance with IAS 12, Income Taxes, no deferred tax liability is recognized with respect to temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries and jointly controlled corporations as the Corporation is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences and it is probable that the temporary differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future. If the Corporation were to dispose of an investment in a subsidiary or a jointly controlled corporation, income taxes payable on such disposition would be minimized through careful and prudent tax planning and structuring, as well as with the use of available tax attributes not otherwise recognized on the balance sheet, including tax losses, tax basis, safe income and foreign tax surplus associated with the subsidiary or jointly controlled corporation.

In determining the fair value of assets, investments in subsidiaries, jointly controlled corporations and associates are adjusted to fair value as follows:

  • Investments in publicly traded companies are valued at their market value, measured as the closing share price on the reporting date;
  • Investments in private entities are valued at fair value based on management’s estimate using consistently applied valuation models either based on a valuation multiple or discounted cash flows. Certain valuations are prepared by external valuators or subject to review by external valuators. Market-comparable transactions are generally used to corroborate the estimated fair value. The value of investments in private entities is presented net of any management incentives;
  • Investments in investment funds are valued at the fair value reported by the fund which is net of carried interest or other incentives.

Investments measured at market value and cash represent 87.3% of total assets at fair value at December 31, 2020 (83.9% at December 31, 2019). 

The presentation of the investments in subsidiaries, jointly controlled corporations and associates at fair value is not in accordance with IFRS; net asset value is a non-IFRS financial measure. Refer to the “Non-IFRS Measures and Presentation” section of the Corporation's most recent Management's Discussion and Analysis for the definition of non-IFRS financial measures and their reconciliation with IFRS financial measures.

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